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Django and Flask
This Article will only give you a overview of Django and Flask Frameworks because to understand in detail, you need to work with those frameworks in programming world.
Assuming that you are beginner, let us first quickly understand what is a library and framework?
A framework, or software framework, is a platform for developing software applications. It provides a foundation on which software developers can build programs for a specific platform. A framework may also include code libraries, a compiler, and other programs used in the software development process. (Source: Techterms.com)
When you google about Types of Python Frameworks, you will end up with a list of frameworks which are commonly used but most of the PYTHON programmers prefer Django and Flask.
Django is like a Big-brother of Flask which comes under Full-Stack Framework and Flask is Microframework where “micro” means it aims to keep the core simple but extensible.
Full-stack frameworks do the heavy lifting of creating Python applications. Unlike the misty dawn of computer languages a few decades ago, today developers can tap the power of frameworks to provide them with libraries, templating engines, and database management. (Source: dzone)
What is Django?
Type – Full-stack framework Django is one of the most beloved web development frameworks for developing Python applications. In fact, it ended up being one of the top 10 web development frameworks of 2020. Django framework follows the DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself) principle.
Unlike others, the free-to-use and open-source full-stack Python framework include a grand number of built-in features rather than offering them as individual libraries. Django makes use of its ORM for mapping objects to database tables.
This results in allowing the code to work across different databases as well as making it easier to migrate from one database to the other. Though Django has inherent support for MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, and Oracle Database, it can support other databases via third-party drivers.
- A plethora of ready-to-use libraries
- Authentication support
- Database schema migrations
- Object-relational mapper (ORM)
- Support for web servers
- Template engine
- URL routing
Check out the advantages and disadvantages of using the Django framework.
Micro-frameworks are small, easy to understand, and easy to use. They are terse and have simple documentation. URL routing is often RESTful. Micro-frameworks use WSGI and work through HTTP request/response. They are a good choice for small applications, or as part of a larger project. (Source: dzone)
Type – Microframework Available under the BSD license, Flask is another popular Python framework. Inspired by the Sinatra Ruby framework, the microframework requires Jinja2 template and Werkzeug WSGI toolkit. Thanks to its lightweight and modular design, Flask is readily adaptable.
Flask allows the developers to build a solid web application foundation from where it is possible to use any kind of extensions required. The micro-framework is compatible with Google App Engine.
- Built-in fast debugger
- HTTP request handling
- Inbuilt development server
- Jinja2 templating
- RESTful request dispatching
- Support for plugging in any ORM
- Supports secure cookies to establish client-side sessions
- Unit testing support
- WSGI 1.0 compliance
Should I go with Django or Flask?
Django Vs Flask